From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
in hieroglyphs
Era: New Kingdom
(1550–1069 BC)

Ebez (Hebrew: אֶבֶץ meaning "tin", or "white")[4] also rendered Abez, was a town in the allotment of the tribe of Issachar, at the north of the Jezreel Valley, or plain of Esdraelon.[5] F. R. and C. R. Conder (1879), believed that it was probably the ruins of el-Beida, but William Robertson Smith (1899) expressed doubt about this identification.[6][7] According to the 1915 International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915), the location is not known.[8] It is mentioned only in Joshua 19:20, where various manuscripts of the Septuagint render it as Rebes (Ancient Greek: Ῥεβὲς), Aeme, or Aemis.[9] It is mentioned on the façade of the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu as Apijaa.[1][2][3]


  1. ^ a b Gauthier, Henri (1925). Dictionnaire des Noms Géographiques Contenus dans les Textes Hiéroglyphiques Vol. 1. p. 67.
  2. ^ a b Wallis Budge, E. A. (1920). An Egyptian hieroglyphic dictionary: with an index of English words, king list and geological list with indexes, list of hieroglyphic characters, coptic and semitic alphabets, etc. Vol II. John Murray. p. 956.
  3. ^ a b Gaston Maspero. Daressy, Georges (ed.). Recueil de travaux relatifs à la philologie et à l'archéologie égyptiennes et assyriennes: pour servir de bullletin à la Mission Française du Caire Vol. XX (in French). p. 117. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  4. ^ The proposed meanings "tin" and "white" appear in Easton's Bible Dictionary, "Abez."
  5. ^ The form "Abez" is found in the King James Version; "Ebez" in the Revised Version.
  6. ^ "Probably the ruin el-Beida, 'white,' at the north limit of the Plain of Esdraelon." Conder, Francis Roubiliac (1879). A handbook to the Bible, by F.R. and C.R. Conder. p. 401.
  7. ^ W. Robertson Smith (1899), "Abez." In Cheyne and Black, eds., Encyclopaedia Biblica.
  8. ^ James Orr, ed. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915), entry for "Ebez." The full entry reads: "Ebez, e'-bez ('ebhets, meaning unknown; Rhebes; the King James Version Abez): One of the 16 cities in Issachar (Jos 19:20). The name seems to be cognate to that of the judge Ibzan (Jg 12:8-10). All else concerning it is conjecture."
  9. ^ W. Robertson Smith (1899), "Abez." In Cheyne and Black, eds., Encyclopaedia Biblica.